Deficiency of the ADP-forming succinyl-CoA synthase activity is associated with encephalomyopathy and mitochondrial DNA depletion.
Elpeleg O., Miller C., Hershkovitz E., Bitner-Glindzicz M., Bondi-Rubinstein G., Rahman S., Pagnamenta A., Eshhar S., Saada A.
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome is a quantitative defect of mtDNA resulting from dysfunction of one of several nuclear-encoded factors responsible for maintenance of mitochondrial deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) pools or replication of mtDNA. Markedly decreased succinyl-CoA synthetase activity due to a deleterious mutation in SUCLA2, the gene encoding the beta subunit of the ADP-forming succinyl-CoA synthetase ligase, was found in muscle mitochondria of patients with encephalomyopathy and mtDNA depletion. Succinyl-CoA synthetase is invariably in a complex with mitochondrial nucleotide diphosphate kinase; hence, we propose that a defect in the last step of mitochondrial dNTP salvage is a novel cause of the mtDNA depletion syndrome.