Human gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor: Cloning of the gene (GIPR) and cDNA
Yamada Y., Hayami T., Nakamura K., Kaisaki PJ., Someya Y., Wang CZ., Seino S., Seino Y.
Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), which is released from the gastrointestinal tract, stimulates insulin secretion from pancreatic β cells and plays a crucial role in the regulation of insulin secretion during the postprandial phase. We have isolated the human gene (GIPR) and cDNA encoding the GIP receptor by a combination of the conventional screening and polymerase chain reaction procedures. Human GIP receptor cDNA encodes a protein of 466 amino acids that is 81.5 and 81.2% identical to the previously cloned hamster and rat GIP receptor, respectively. Hydropathic analysis shows the presence of a signal peptide and seven potential transmembrane domains, a feature characteristic of the VIP/glucagon/secretin receptor family of G protein-coupled receptors. The human GIPR gene is about 13.8 kb long, consists of 14 exons, and carries 17 Alu repeats. © 1995 Academic Press.