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Among the earliest responses to mitogens that have been detected in normal quiescent cells are ionic changes: we have described rapid increases in the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca]i) and in the intracellular pH (pHi) in mitogen-stimulated thymocytes and fibroblasts (Hesketh, T. R., Moore, J. P., Morris, J. D. H., Taylor, M. V., Rogers, J., Smith, G. A., and Metcalfe, J. C. (1985) Nature 313, 482-484). Here we investigate the relationship between these ionic signals and the subsequent expression of the c-fos and c-myc proto-oncogenes in murine thymocytes. We show that the plant lectin concanavalin A (ConA), the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) and the Ca2+-ionophore A23187 each causes a rapid increase in both c-fos and c-myc mRNAs. The activation of both genes is completely dependent on the extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca]o) for A23187 and independent of [Ca]o for TPA. Activation of c-myc, but not c-fos, by ConA is partially dependent on [Ca]o. The pHi increases generated by ConA or TPA are not necessary for expression of mRNA from either gene in response to these mitogens. Exogenous 8-bromo-cyclic AMP (but not 8-bromo-cyclic GMP) inhibits the c-myc responses to ConA and TPA. The data also show that neither early c-fos nor c-myc expression is sufficient to commit the cells to DNA synthesis.

Type

Journal article

Journal

The Journal of biological chemistry

Publication Date

06/1986

Volume

261

Pages

8158 - 8162

Keywords

Thymus Gland, Animals, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Calcium, Egtazic Acid, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, Calcimycin, Concanavalin A, RNA, Messenger, 8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate, Cell Division, DNA Replication, Oncogenes, Osmolar Concentration