Isotype choice for chimeric antibodies affects binding properties.
Morelock MM., Rothlein R., Bright SM., Robinson MK., Graham ET., Sabo JP., Owens R., King DJ., Norris SH., Scher DS.
Construction of a series of chimeric antibodies (murine variable region and human constant region) derived from the murine antibody BIRR1, which recognizes intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), has revealed differences in the relative binding abilities of the chimeric antibody to antigen. The chimeric antibodies show a ranking of their ability to compete with BIRR1 for antigen on the surface of cells with the order BIRR1 = cIgG1 (100%) > cIgG4 (30%) > cIgG2 (10%) as demonstrated by solid-phase competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Papain digestion yielded Fab fragments that were purified to homogeneity. Competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that the chimeric and murine Fab binding constants were equivalent. A solution-phase binding assay (analyzed by size exclusion high performance liquid chromatography) between the intact mAbs and recombinant soluble ICAM-1 further established that the binding constants involving the Fab arms of the two antibodies were equivalent. In summary, the murine and chimeric anti-ICAM-1 antibodies bind cellular ICAM-1 with equivalent affinities but with differing avidities.