Conformational changes in IgE contribute to its uniquely slow dissociation rate from receptor FcIRI
Holdom MD., Davies AM., Nettleship JE., Bagby SC., Dhaliwal B., Girardi E., Hunt J., Gould HJ., Beavil AJ., McDonnell JM., Owens RJ., Sutton BJ.
Among antibody classes, IgE has a uniquely slow dissociation rate from, and high affinity for, its cell surface receptor FcI RI. We show the structural basis for these key determinants of the ability of IgE to mediate allergic hypersensitivity through the 3.4-Ã.-resolution crystal structure of human IgE-Fc (consisting of the CI 2, CI 3 and CI 4 domains) bound to the extracellular domains of the FcI RI Î ± chain. Comparison with the structure of free IgE-Fc (reported here at a resolution of 1.9 Ã.) shows that the antibody, which has a compact, bent structure before receptor engagement, becomes even more acutely bent in the complex. Thermodynamic analysis indicates that the interaction is entropically driven, which explains how the noncontacting CI 2 domains, in place of the flexible hinge region of IgG antibodies, contribute together with the conformational changes to the unique binding properties of IgE. © 2011 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.