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PurposeTo compare the survival benefit obtained with cisplatin plus gemcitabine, a cisplatin-based triplet, and nonplatinum sequential doublets in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Patients and methodsStage IIIB to IV NSCLC patients were randomly assigned to receive cisplatin 100 mg/m2 day 1 plus gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m2 days 1 and 8, every 3 weeks for six cycles (CG); cisplatin 100 mg/m2 day 1 plus gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 and vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 days 1 and 8, every 3 weeks for six cycles (CGV); or gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 plus vinorelbine 30 mg/m2 days 1 and 8, every 3 weeks for three cycles, followed by vinorelbine 30 mg/m2 days 1 and 8 plus ifosfamide 3 g/m2 day 1, every 3 weeks for three cycles (GV-VI).ResultsFive hundred fifty-seven patients were assigned to treatment (182 CG, 188 CGV, 187 GV-VI). Response rates were significantly inferior for the nonplatinum sequential doublet (CG, 42%; CGV, 41%; GV-VI, 27%; CG v GV-VI, P =.003). No differences in median survival or time to progression were observed. Toxicity was higher for the triplet: grade 3 to 4 neutropenia (GC, 32%; CGV, 57%; GV-VI, 27%; P ConclusionOn the basis of these results, CG remains a standard regimen for first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC.

Original publication

DOI

10.1200/jco.2003.12.038

Type

Conference paper

Publication Date

09/2003

Volume

21

Pages

3207 - 3213

Addresses

Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, San Clemente 12, 46015 Valencia, Spain. alberola_vicara@gva.es

Keywords

Spanish Lung Cancer Group, Humans, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Lung Neoplasms, Disease Progression, Cisplatin, Ifosfamide, Vinblastine, Deoxycytidine, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Treatment Outcome, Survival Analysis, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Adult, Aged, Middle Aged, Spain, Female, Male, Vinorelbine