[Diaphragmatic excursion after inter-sternocleidomastoid block depending on the site of the injection].
Petitfaux F., Pham-Dang C., Dupas B., Camps C., Blanche E., Legendre E., Pinaud M.
ObjectiveTo evaluate the incidence of the hemidiaphragmatic paresis after inter Sterno-Cleido-Mastoid (inter-SCM) block.Study designProspective, comparative, single blind study.Patients16 patients ASA I-II.MethodsThe diaphragmatic paresis was measured by a radiologist unaware of the technique used and operated side. It was determined by the diaphragmatic excursion (DE) on double-exposure chest radiography, obtained preoperatively and postoperatively (DE-pre, DE-post) for the ipsilateral and controlateral side of the inter-SCM block. All the patients were given 20 mL 0.5% bupivacaine plus 20 mL 2% lidocaine both with epinephrine. These anesthetics were injected via the stimuling needle or via the catheter after opacified radiological control of the catheter position. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Group 1: injection via the needle after eliciting flexion of fingers, or via a catheter into infraclavicular position; group 2: injection via the needle after eliciting contraction of deltoid, or elbow flexion, or via a supraclavicular catheter.ResultsAll the patients had satisfactory block. The ipsilateral DE was decreased after injection of anesthetics in group 2 (P < 0.001) while it remained unchanged in group 1.ConclusionThe diaphragmatic paresis is avoidable with the inter-SCM block if and only if the anesthetic solution is injected via the needle after stimulating flexion of fingers or via a catheter into infraclavicular position.