Angiography-derived index of microcirculatory resistance (IMRangio) as a novel pressure-wire-free tool to assess coronary microvascular dysfunction in acute coronary syndromes and stable coronary artery disease.
Scarsini R., Shanmuganathan M., Kotronias RA., Terentes-Printzios D., Borlotti A., Langrish JP., Lucking AJ., OxAMI Study Investigators None., Ribichini F., Ferreira VM., Channon KM., Garcia-Garcia HM., Banning AP., De Maria GL.
To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of (1) hyperaemic angiography-derived index of microcirculatory resistance (IMRangio) in defining coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) across patients with acute coronary syndromes (ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI]; non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome [NSTE-ACS]) and stable chronic coronary syndrome [CCS]) and (2) the accuracy of non-hyperaemic IMRangio (NH-IMRangio) to detect CMD in STEMI. 145 patients (STEMI = 66; NSTEMI = 43; CCS = 36) were enrolled. 246 pressure-wire IMR measurements were made in 189 coronary vessels. IMRangio and NH-IMRangio was derived using quantitative flow ratio. In patients with STEMI, cardiac magnetic resonance was performed to quantify microvascular obstruction (MVO). IMRangio was correlated with IMR (overall rho = 0.78, p ROC = 0.93 [0.88-0.98]; NSTE-ACS AUCROC = 0.77 [0.63-0.92]; CCS AUCROC = 0.88 [0.79-0.97]). Agreement between the two indices was evident on Bland Altman analysis. In STEMI, NH-IMRangio was also well correlated with IMR (rho = 0.64, p ROC = 0.82 [0.74-0.90]). Both IMRangio (AUCROC = 0.74 [0.59-0.89]) and NH-IMRangio (AUCROC = 0.76 [0.54-0.87]) were significantly associated with MVO in STEMI. In conclusions, IMRangio is a valid alternative to invasive IMR to detect CMD in patients with acute and stable coronary syndromes, whilst NH-IMRangio has a good diagnostic accuracy in STEMI where it could become a user-friendly diagnostic tool as it is adenosine-free.