Annexin V relocates to the periphery of activated platelets following thrombin activation: an ultrastructural immunohistochemical approach.
Tzima E., Poujol C., Nurden P., Nurden AT., Orchard MA., Walker JH.
We have previously shown biochemically that the physiological agonist thrombin can cause translocation of endogenous annexin V to a fraction containing all platelet membranes. This paper reports ultrastructural immunohistochemical data revealing that annexin V molecules localize with plasma membranes of blood platelets following thrombin activation. When ultrathin sections of resting platelets were examined by immunogold staining, annexin V was found to be cytosolic, having a generalized distribution throughout the platelet. After thrombin activation, annexin V became peripheral in location and plasmalemma association increased. Morphometric analysis of gold particles shows that annexin V relocates specifically to the plasma membrane and its underlying cytoskeleton following treatment with thrombin. In control platelets 6.1% +/- 0.78 of annexin V is present at the plasma membrane and 15.0% +/- 0.82 in the region corresponding to the membrane cytoskeleton (10-80 nm); after stimulation with 0.5 unit/ml thrombin for 2 min this increased to 16.7% +/- 0.22 and 40.4% +/- 0.53, respectively.