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We have previously shown biochemically that the physiological agonist thrombin can cause translocation of endogenous annexin V to a fraction containing all platelet membranes. This paper reports ultrastructural immunohistochemical data revealing that annexin V molecules localize with plasma membranes of blood platelets following thrombin activation. When ultrathin sections of resting platelets were examined by immunogold staining, annexin V was found to be cytosolic, having a generalized distribution throughout the platelet. After thrombin activation, annexin V became peripheral in location and plasmalemma association increased. Morphometric analysis of gold particles shows that annexin V relocates specifically to the plasma membrane and its underlying cytoskeleton following treatment with thrombin. In control platelets 6.1% +/- 0.78 of annexin V is present at the plasma membrane and 15.0% +/- 0.82 in the region corresponding to the membrane cytoskeleton (10-80 nm); after stimulation with 0.5 unit/ml thrombin for 2 min this increased to 16.7% +/- 0.22 and 40.4% +/- 0.53, respectively.

Original publication

DOI

10.1006/cbir.1999.0426

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cell biology international

Publication Date

01/1999

Volume

23

Pages

629 - 635

Addresses

School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, UK.

Keywords

Blood Platelets, Humans, Thrombin, Annexin A5, Microscopy, Immunoelectron, Biological Transport, Platelet Activation